Since the dawn of civilization, the Mediterranean Sea was a place of significant maritime activity and ancient sailors took advantage of the accessible transportation and trading opportunities it provided. The Ancient Greeks were no exception and by the 5th century BCE, they were using the Mediterranean to not only transport physical objects but also exchange ideas and beliefs as well. However, microscopic organisms would also catch a ride on these ships, which led to the spread of certain diseases throughout Greek communities. Primary sources, such as Herodotus and Thucydides, give modern scholars information about maritime transportation. And where the primary sources do not provide answers, the archaeological record can.
Hunter, Ashley Skye
"The Things They Carried: Classical Greece Maritime Exchange,"
The Macksey Journal: Vol. 1
, Article 47.
Available at: https://www.mackseyjournal.org/publications/vol1/iss1/47