The Macksey Journal


Through the utilization of a comparative analysis between 19th-century Serbian expansionism and the nationalistic movement of the 20th century, I argue that Serbia's late-20th century nationalistic expansion efforts were so much more violent than the earlier episode because of the content espoused by the ideologies themselves. This work seeks to develop an understanding of early Serbian imperial aspirations of the 19th century through analyzing official policy regarding territorial expansion into neighboring Balkan states. However, the egregious violence seen at the end of the 20th century demonstrates a clear divergence from said imperial beginnings. I argue that the difference in nationalistic expansion efforts of the two centuries is the proliferation of venomous rhetoric, dogma and other ideological influences characteristically belonging to the 20th century; for example, as seen in the Serbian Academy of Arts and Sciences Memorandum of 1986. In addition to the main comparison between the two centuries’ nationalisms, I also analyze what historical conditions and events occurred in the 20th century that allowed for Serbian nationalism to rise by the 1990s* (This section has been removed from the original work for spatial concerns*). These conditions served as an ideological foundation for the radical nationalistic Serbian expansionist ideology of the 20th century, which differed significantly from the nationalistic expansion of the 19th.