The Macksey Journal


Northern Ohio is home to some of the largest communities of Eastern European immigrants and their decedents. With immigrants coming in waves since before the First World War, each wave of immigrants and their offspring have had different experiences, assimilation practices, and styles of cultural maintenance. This study looks at how the Cartho-Rusyn, Hungarian, Lithuanian and Ukrainian communities have worked to preserve their languages and cultures since their arrival in America. Each of these groups has implemented different to maintain their linguistic and cultural identity. Certain factors were considered for each group, such as religious affiliation, creation of language schools, type of alphabet used, and community presence.