The Macksey Journal


This paper seeks to examine why Bram Stoker’s Dracula uses a mixed-epistolary form, and how this decision serves to Gothicize the text. Stoker’s late 19th century work relies heavily on the Gothic tropes of found text, foreign bodies (both geographic and individual), and the positionality of wealth and gender, but its use of the mixed-epistolary form sets it apart from other great Gothic novels of the time. Much like a letter in itself, Dracula relies upon both the explicit and the implicit, and through the lens of this structural framework the author argues that the values that hold Van Helsing’s alliance of vampire hunters together are the very notions being horrified within the text. Through Dracula’s own focal points of progress, the roles of women in society, and the construction of a monster, this paper expands upon the ways in which a medium can influence, or form a new, message.