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The Macksey Journal

Abstract

This work is a comparative analysis between the memory-making processes that followed the late 20th century dictatorships in Argentina and Uruguay. While Argentina did extensive work to memorialize and prosecute the violence that occurred, Uruguay maintained the impunity of their military regime and had lackluster efforts to condemn it in their national narrative. The existence of opportunities to politically profit from stories of oppression shaped how and whether these stories were told. This research is based on a close reading of the Nunca Más reports which detailed the experiences of those targeted by state terrorism as well as visits to "Memory Museums" in both countries. I track the evolution of memory and accountability narratives from the years following the dictatorships to present-day efforts. How did two countries with historical similarities have such different treatments of national memory? What actors were and continue to be key in determining these differences?

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