The Macksey Journal


As discontent climbs in nations that are becoming increasingly agitated by the inequities of globalization, many individuals have attempted to capitalize on this mounting dissatisfaction in order to further their respective political projects. Among these projects is a resurfacing of populism, which has birthed a return to ethnonationalist sentiments within India and Israel in particular. The diverse histories of these nations are gradually being replaced by fervent desires to homogenize their populations in order to consolidate new national identities. This paper will closely consider the cases of India and Israel as states that have experienced a growth in ethnonationalist sentiment in recent years and are now facing conflicts with their ethnic minorities. By examining these cases through a review of current literature, this paper will explore these nations’ compatibility with democracy, which both nations purport to be. Through this examination, this paper attempts to traverse the effects of ethnic diversity on the integrity of democratic systems, and the methods by which ethnic majorities suppress the voices of ethnic minorities, in order to ultimately help illuminate the potential prognosis for the survival of democracy in such conditions.